Start Stop Reload¶
You control Evennia from your game folder (we refer to it as
mygame/ here), using the
program. If the
evennia program is not available on the command line you must first install
Evennia as described in the Getting Started page.
Hint: If you ever try the
evenniacommand and get an error complaining that the command is not available, make sure your virtualenv is active.
Below are described the various management options. Run
to give you a brief help and
to give you a menu with options.
Evennia consists of two components, the Evennia Server and Portal. Briefly, the Server is what is running the mud. It handles all game-specific things but doesn’t care exactly how players connect, only that they have. The Portal is a gateway to which players connect. It knows everything about telnet, ssh, webclient protocols etc but very little about the game. Both are required for a functioning mud.
The above command will start the Portal, which in turn will boot up the Server. The command will
print a summary of the process and unless there is an error you will see no further output. Both
components will instead log to log files in
mygame/server/logs/. For convenience you can follow
those logs directly in your terminal by attaching
-l to commands:
Will start following the logs of an already running server. When starting Evennia you can also do
evennia start -l
To stop viewing the log files, press
Normally, Evennia runs as a ‘daemon’, in the background. If you want you can start either of the
processes (but not both) as foreground processes in interactive mode. This means they will log
directly to the terminal (rather than to log files that we then echo to the terminal) and you can
kill the process (not just the log-file view) with
will start/restart the Server in interactive mode. This is required if you want to run a debugger. Next time you reload the server, it will return to normal mode.
will start the Portal in interactive mode. This is usually only necessary if you want to run Evennia under the control of some other type of process.
The act of reloading means the Portal will tell the Server to shut down and then boot it back up again. Everyone will get a message and the game will be briefly paused for all accounts as the server reboots. Since they are connected to the Portal, their connections are not lost.
Reloading is as close to a “warm reboot” you can get. It reinitializes all code of Evennia, but
doesn’t kill “persistent” Scripts. It also calls
at_server_reload() hooks on all
objects so you
can save eventual temporary properties you want.
From in-game the
@reload command is used. You can also reload the server from outside the game:
Sometimes reloading from “the outside” is necessary in case you have added some sort of bug that blocks in-game input.
Resetting is the equivalent of a “cold reboot” - the Server will shut down and then restarted
again, but will behave as if it was fully shut down. As opposed to a “real” shutdown, no accounts
will be disconnected during a
reset. A reset will however purge all non-persistent scripts and will call
hooks. It can be a good way to clean unsafe scripts during development, for example.
From in-game the
@reset command is used. From the terminal:
This will shut down both Server and Portal, which means all connected players will lose their connection. It can only be initiated from the terminal:
This is identical to doing these two commands:
evennia stop evennia start
A full shutdown closes Evennia completely, both Server and Portal. All accounts will be booted and systems saved and turned off cleanly.
From inside the game you initiate a shutdown with the
@shutdown command. From command line you do
You will see messages of both Server and Portal closing down. All accounts will see the shutdown
message and then be disconnected. The same effect happens if you press
Ctrl+C while the server
runs in interactive mode.
Status and info¶
To check basic Evennia settings, such as which ports and services are active, this will repeat the initial return given when starting the server:
You can also get a briefer run-status from both components with this command
This can be useful for automating checks to make sure the game is running and is responding.
Killing (Linux/Mac only)¶
In the extreme case that neither of the server processes locks up and does not respond to commands, you can send them kill-signals to force them to shut down. To kill only the Server:
To kill both Server and Portal:
Note that this functionality is not supported on Windows.
evennia program will also pass-through options used by the
django-admin. These operate on
the database in various ways.
1 2 3
evennia migrate # migrate the database evennia shell # launch an interactive, django-aware python shell evennia dbshell # launch database shell
For (many) more options, see the django-admin docs.
Advanced handling of Evennia processes¶
If you should need to manually manage Evennia’s processors (or view them in a task manager program
such as Linux’
top or the more advanced
htop), you will find the following processes to be
related to Evennia:
twistd ... evennia/server/portal/portal.py- this is the Portal process.
twistd ... server.py- One of these processes manages Evennia’s Server component, the main game. The other processes (with the same name but different process id) handle’s Evennia’s internal web server threads. You can look at
mygame/server/server.pidto determine which is the main process.
Syntax errors during live development¶
During development, you will usually modify code and then reload the server to see your changes. This is done by Evennia re-importing your custom modules from disk. Usually bugs in a module will just have you see a traceback in the game, in the log or on the command line. For some really serious syntax errors though, your module might not even be recognized as valid Python. Evennia may then fail to restart correctly.
From inside the game you see a text about the Server restarting followed by an ever growing list of “…”. Usually this only lasts a very short time (up to a few seconds). If it seems to go on, it means the Portal is still running (you are still connected to the game) but the Server-component of Evennia failed to restart (that is, it remains in a shut-down state). Look at your log files or terminal to see what the problem is - you will usually see a clear traceback showing what went wrong.
Fix your bug then run
Assuming the bug was fixed, this will start the Server manually (while not restarting the Portal). In-game you should now get the message that the Server has successfully restarted.