Source code for evennia.contrib.game_systems.turnbattle.tb_basic

Simple turn-based combat system

Contrib - Tim Ashley Jenkins 2017, Refactor by Griatch 2022

This is a framework for a simple turn-based combat system, similar
to those used in D&D-style tabletop role playing games. It allows
any character to start a fight in a room, at which point initiative
is rolled and a turn order is established. Each participant in combat
has a limited time to decide their action for that turn (30 seconds by
default), and combat progresses through the turn order, looping through
the participants until the fight ends.

Only simple rolls for attacking are implemented here, but this system
is easily extensible and can be used as the foundation for implementing
the rules from your turn-based tabletop game of choice or making your
own battle system.

To install and test, import this module's TBBasicCharacter object into
your game's module:

    from evennia.contrib.game_systems.turnbattle.tb_basic import TBBasicCharacter

And change your game's character typeclass to inherit from TBBasicCharacter
instead of the default:

    class Character(TBBasicCharacter):

Next, import this module into your module:

    from evennia.contrib.game_systems.turnbattle import tb_basic

And add the battle command set to your default command set:

    # any commands you add below will overload the default ones.

This module is meant to be heavily expanded on, so you may want to copy it
to your game's 'world' folder and modify it there rather than importing it
in your game and using it as-is.

from random import randint

from evennia import Command, DefaultCharacter, DefaultScript, default_cmds
from import CmdHelp


TURN_TIMEOUT = 30  # Time before turns automatically end, in seconds
ACTIONS_PER_TURN = 1  # Number of actions allowed per turn


[docs]class BasicCombatRules: """ Stores all combat rules and helper methods. """
[docs] def roll_init(self, character): """ Rolls a number between 1-1000 to determine initiative. Args: character (obj): The character to determine initiative for Returns: initiative (int): The character's place in initiative - higher numbers go first. Notes: By default, does not reference the character and simply returns a random integer from 1 to 1000. Since the character is passed to this function, you can easily reference a character's stats to determine an initiative roll - for example, if your character has a 'dexterity' attribute, you can use it to give that character an advantage in turn order, like so: return (randint(1,20)) + character.db.dexterity This way, characters with a higher dexterity will go first more often. """ return randint(1, 1000)
[docs] def get_attack(self, attacker, defender): """ Returns a value for an attack roll. Args: attacker (obj): Character doing the attacking defender (obj): Character being attacked Returns: attack_value (int): Attack roll value, compared against a defense value to determine whether an attack hits or misses. Notes: By default, returns a random integer from 1 to 100 without using any properties from either the attacker or defender. This can easily be expanded to return a value based on characters stats, equipment, and abilities. This is why the attacker and defender are passed to this function, even though nothing from either one are used in this example. """ # For this example, just return a random integer up to 100. attack_value = randint(1, 100) return attack_value
[docs] def get_defense(self, attacker, defender): """ Returns a value for defense, which an attack roll must equal or exceed in order for an attack to hit. Args: attacker (obj): Character doing the attacking defender (obj): Character being attacked Returns: defense_value (int): Defense value, compared against an attack roll to determine whether an attack hits or misses. Notes: By default, returns 50, not taking any properties of the defender or attacker into account. As above, this can be expanded upon based on character stats and equipment. """ # For this example, just return 50, for about a 50/50 chance of hit. defense_value = 50 return defense_value
[docs] def get_damage(self, attacker, defender): """ Returns a value for damage to be deducted from the defender's HP after abilities successful hit. Args: attacker (obj): Character doing the attacking defender (obj): Character being damaged Returns: damage_value (int): Damage value, which is to be deducted from the defending character's HP. Notes: By default, returns a random integer from 15 to 25 without using any properties from either the attacker or defender. Again, this can be expanded upon. """ # For this example, just generate a number between 15 and 25. damage_value = randint(15, 25) return damage_value
[docs] def apply_damage(self, defender, damage): """ Applies damage to a target, reducing their HP by the damage amount to a minimum of 0. Args: defender (obj): Character taking damage damage (int): Amount of damage being taken """ defender.db.hp -= damage # Reduce defender's HP by the damage dealt. # If this reduces it to 0 or less, set HP to 0. if defender.db.hp <= 0: defender.db.hp = 0
[docs] def at_defeat(self, defeated): """ Announces the defeat of a fighter in combat. Args: defeated (obj): Fighter that's been defeated. Notes: All this does is announce a defeat message by default, but if you want anything else to happen to defeated fighters (like putting them into a dying state or something similar) then this is the place to do it. """ defeated.location.msg_contents("%s has been defeated!" % defeated)
[docs] def resolve_attack(self, attacker, defender, attack_value=None, defense_value=None): """ Resolves an attack and outputs the result. Args: attacker (obj): Character doing the attacking defender (obj): Character being attacked Notes: Even though the attack and defense values are calculated extremely simply, they are separated out into their own functions so that they are easier to expand upon. """ # Get an attack roll from the attacker. if not attack_value: attack_value = self.get_attack(attacker, defender) # Get a defense value from the defender. if not defense_value: defense_value = self.get_defense(attacker, defender) # If the attack value is lower than the defense value, miss. Otherwise, hit. if attack_value < defense_value: attacker.location.msg_contents("%s's attack misses %s!" % (attacker, defender)) else: damage_value = self.get_damage(attacker, defender) # Calculate damage value. # Announce damage dealt and apply damage. attacker.location.msg_contents( "%s hits %s for %i damage!" % (attacker, defender, damage_value) ) self.apply_damage(defender, damage_value) # If defender HP is reduced to 0 or less, call at_defeat. if defender.db.hp <= 0: self.at_defeat(defender)
[docs] def combat_cleanup(self, character): """ Cleans up all the temporary combat-related attributes on a character. Args: character (obj): Character to have their combat attributes removed Notes: Any attribute whose key begins with 'combat_' is temporary and no longer needed once a fight ends. """ for attr in character.attributes.all(): if attr.key[:7] == "combat_": # If the attribute name starts with 'combat_'... character.attributes.remove(key=attr.key) # ...then delete it!
[docs] def is_in_combat(self, character): """ Returns true if the given character is in combat. Args: character (obj): Character to determine if is in combat or not Returns: (bool): True if in combat or False if not in combat """ return bool(character.db.combat_turnhandler)
[docs] def is_turn(self, character): """ Returns true if it's currently the given character's turn in combat. Args: character (obj): Character to determine if it is their turn or not Returns: (bool): True if it is their turn or False otherwise """ turnhandler = character.db.combat_turnhandler currentchar = turnhandler.db.fighters[turnhandler.db.turn] return bool(character == currentchar)
[docs] def spend_action(self, character, actions, action_name=None): """ Spends a character's available combat actions and checks for end of turn. Args: character (obj): Character spending the action actions (int) or 'all': Number of actions to spend, or 'all' to spend all actions Keyword Args: action_name (str or None): If a string is given, sets character's last action in combat to provided string """ if action_name: character.db.combat_lastaction = action_name if actions == "all": # If spending all actions character.db.combat_actionsleft = 0 # Set actions to 0 else: character.db.combat_actionsleft -= actions # Use up actions. if character.db.combat_actionsleft < 0: character.db.combat_actionsleft = 0 # Can't have fewer than 0 actions character.db.combat_turnhandler.turn_end_check(character) # Signal potential end of turn.
COMBAT_RULES = BasicCombatRules() """ ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- CHARACTER TYPECLASS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- """
[docs]class TBBasicCharacter(DefaultCharacter): """ A character able to participate in turn-based combat. Has attributes for current and maximum HP, and access to combat commands. """ rules = COMBAT_RULES
[docs] def at_object_creation(self): """ Called once, when this object is first created. This is the normal hook to overload for most object types. """ self.db.max_hp = 100 # Set maximum HP to 100 self.db.hp = self.db.max_hp # Set current HP to maximum """ Adds attributes for a character's current and maximum HP. We're just going to set this value at '100' by default. You may want to expand this to include various 'stats' that can be changed at creation and factor into combat calculations. """
[docs] def at_pre_move(self, destination, move_type="move", **kwargs): """ Called just before starting to move this object to destination. Args: destination (Object): The object we are moving to Returns: shouldmove (bool): If we should move or not. Notes: If this method returns False/None, the move is cancelled before it is even started. """ # Keep the character from moving if at 0 HP or in combat. if self.rules.is_in_combat(self): self.msg("You can't exit a room while in combat!") return False # Returning false keeps the character from moving. if self.db.HP <= 0: self.msg("You can't move, you've been defeated!") return False return True
""" ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- SCRIPTS START HERE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- """
[docs]class TBBasicTurnHandler(DefaultScript): """ This is the script that handles the progression of combat through turns. On creation (when a fight is started) it adds all combat-ready characters to its roster and then sorts them into a turn order. There can only be one fight going on in a single room at a time, so the script is assigned to a room as its object. Fights persist until only one participant is left with any HP or all remaining participants choose to end the combat with the 'disengage' command. """ rules = COMBAT_RULES
[docs] def at_script_creation(self): """ Called once, when the script is created. """ self.key = "Combat Turn Handler" self.interval = 5 # Once every 5 seconds self.persistent = True self.db.fighters = [] # Add all fighters in the room with at least 1 HP to the combat." for thing in self.obj.contents: if thing.db.hp: self.db.fighters.append(thing) # Initialize each fighter for combat for fighter in self.db.fighters: self.initialize_for_combat(fighter) # Add a reference to this script to the room self.obj.db.combat_turnhandler = self # Roll initiative and sort the list of fighters depending on who rolls highest to determine # turn order. The initiative roll is determined by the roll_init method and can be # customized easily. ordered_by_roll = sorted(self.db.fighters, key=self.rules.roll_init, reverse=True) self.db.fighters = ordered_by_roll # Announce the turn order. self.obj.msg_contents("Turn order is: %s " % ", ".join(obj.key for obj in self.db.fighters)) # Start first fighter's turn. self.start_turn(self.db.fighters[0]) # Set up the current turn and turn timeout delay. self.db.turn = 0 self.db.timer = TURN_TIMEOUT # Set timer to turn timeout specified in options
[docs] def at_stop(self): """ Called at script termination. """ for fighter in self.db.fighters: if fighter: # Clean up the combat attributes for every fighter. self.rules.combat_cleanup(fighter) self.obj.db.combat_turnhandler = None # Remove reference to turn handler in location
[docs] def at_repeat(self): """ Called once every self.interval seconds. """ currentchar = self.db.fighters[ self.db.turn ] # Note the current character in the turn order. self.db.timer -= self.interval # Count down the timer. if self.db.timer <= 0: # Force current character to disengage if timer runs out. self.obj.msg_contents("%s's turn timed out!" % currentchar) self.rules.spend_action( currentchar, "all", action_name="disengage" ) # Spend all remaining actions. return elif self.db.timer <= 10 and not self.db.timeout_warning_given: # 10 seconds left # Warn the current character if they're about to time out. currentchar.msg("WARNING: About to time out!") self.db.timeout_warning_given = True
[docs] def initialize_for_combat(self, character): """ Prepares a character for combat when starting or entering a fight. Args: character (obj): Character to initialize for combat. """ # Clean up leftover combat attributes beforehand, just in case. self.rules.combat_cleanup(character) character.db.combat_actionsleft = ( 0 # Actions remaining - start of turn adds to this, turn ends when it reaches 0 ) character.db.combat_turnhandler = ( self # Add a reference to this turn handler script to the character ) character.db.combat_lastaction = "null" # Track last action taken in combat
[docs] def start_turn(self, character): """ Readies a character for the start of their turn by replenishing their available actions and notifying them that their turn has come up. Args: character (obj): Character to be readied. Notes: Here, you only get one action per turn, but you might want to allow more than one per turn, or even grant a number of actions based on a character's attributes. You can even add multiple different kinds of actions, I.E. actions separated for movement, by adding "character.db.combat_movesleft = 3" or something similar. """ character.db.combat_actionsleft = ACTIONS_PER_TURN # Replenish actions # Prompt the character for their turn and give some information. character.msg("|wIt's your turn! You have %i HP remaining.|n" % character.db.hp)
[docs] def next_turn(self): """ Advances to the next character in the turn order. """ # Check to see if every character disengaged as their last action. If so, end combat. disengage_check = True for fighter in self.db.fighters: if ( fighter.db.combat_lastaction != "disengage" ): # If a character has done anything but disengage disengage_check = False if disengage_check: # All characters have disengaged self.obj.msg_contents("All fighters have disengaged! Combat is over!") self.stop() # Stop this script and end combat. self.delete() return # Check to see if only one character is left standing. If so, end combat. defeated_characters = 0 for fighter in self.db.fighters: if fighter.db.HP == 0: defeated_characters += 1 # Add 1 for every fighter with 0 HP left (defeated) if defeated_characters == ( len(self.db.fighters) - 1 ): # If only one character isn't defeated for fighter in self.db.fighters: if fighter.db.HP != 0: LastStanding = fighter # Pick the one fighter left with HP remaining self.obj.msg_contents("Only %s remains! Combat is over!" % LastStanding) self.stop() # Stop this script and end combat. self.delete() return # Cycle to the next turn. currentchar = self.db.fighters[self.db.turn] self.db.turn += 1 # Go to the next in the turn order. if self.db.turn > len(self.db.fighters) - 1: self.db.turn = 0 # Go back to the first in the turn order once you reach the end. newchar = self.db.fighters[self.db.turn] # Note the new character self.db.timer = TURN_TIMEOUT + self.time_until_next_repeat() # Reset the timer. self.db.timeout_warning_given = False # Reset the timeout warning. self.obj.msg_contents("%s's turn ends - %s's turn begins!" % (currentchar, newchar)) self.start_turn(newchar) # Start the new character's turn.
[docs] def turn_end_check(self, character): """ Tests to see if a character's turn is over, and cycles to the next turn if it is. Args: character (obj): Character to test for end of turn """ if not character.db.combat_actionsleft: # Character has no actions remaining self.next_turn() return
[docs] def join_fight(self, character): """ Adds a new character to a fight already in progress. Args: character (obj): Character to be added to the fight. """ # Inserts the fighter to the turn order, right behind whoever's turn it currently is. self.db.fighters.insert(self.db.turn, character) # Tick the turn counter forward one to compensate. self.db.turn += 1 # Initialize the character like you do at the start. self.initialize_for_combat(character)
""" ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- COMMANDS START HERE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- """
[docs]class CmdFight(Command): """ Starts a fight with everyone in the same room as you. Usage: fight When you start a fight, everyone in the room who is able to fight is added to combat, and a turn order is randomly rolled. When it's your turn, you can attack other characters. """ key = "fight" help_category = "combat" rules = COMBAT_RULES combat_handler_class = TBBasicTurnHandler
[docs] def func(self): """ This performs the actual command. """ here = self.caller.location fighters = [] if not self.caller.db.hp: # If you don't have any hp self.caller.msg("You can't start a fight if you've been defeated!") return if self.rules.is_in_combat(self.caller): # Already in a fight self.caller.msg("You're already in a fight!") return for thing in here.contents: # Test everything in the room to add it to the fight. if thing.db.HP: # If the object has HP... fighters.append(thing) # ...then add it to the fight. if len(fighters) <= 1: # If you're the only able fighter in the room self.caller.msg("There's nobody here to fight!") return if here.db.combat_turnhandler: # If there's already a fight going on... here.msg_contents("%s joins the fight!" % self.caller) here.db.combat_turnhandler.join_fight(self.caller) # Join the fight! return here.msg_contents("%s starts a fight!" % self.caller) # Add a turn handler script to the room, which starts combat. here.scripts.add(self.command_handler_class)
[docs]class CmdAttack(Command): """ Attacks another character. Usage: attack <target> When in a fight, you may attack another character. The attack has a chance to hit, and if successful, will deal damage. """ key = "attack" help_category = "combat" rules = COMBAT_RULES
[docs] def func(self): "This performs the actual command." "Set the attacker to the caller and the defender to the target." if not self.rules.is_in_combat(self.caller): # If not in combat, can't attack. self.caller.msg("You can only do that in combat. (see: help fight)") return if not self.rules.is_turn(self.caller): # If it's not your turn, can't attack. self.caller.msg("You can only do that on your turn.") return if not self.caller.db.hp: # Can't attack if you have no HP. self.caller.msg("You can't attack, you've been defeated.") return attacker = self.caller defender = if not defender: # No valid target given. return if not defender.db.hp: # Target object has no HP left or to begin with self.caller.msg("You can't fight that!") return if attacker == defender: # Target and attacker are the same self.caller.msg("You can't attack yourself!") return "If everything checks out, call the attack resolving function." self.rules.resolve_attack(attacker, defender) self.rules.spend_action(self.caller, 1, action_name="attack") # Use up one action.
[docs]class CmdPass(Command): """ Passes on your turn. Usage: pass When in a fight, you can use this command to end your turn early, even if there are still any actions you can take. """ key = "pass" aliases = ["wait", "hold"] help_category = "combat" rules = COMBAT_RULES
[docs] def func(self): """ This performs the actual command. """ if not self.rules.is_in_combat(self.caller): # Can only pass a turn in combat. self.caller.msg("You can only do that in combat. (see: help fight)") return if not self.rules.is_turn(self.caller): # Can only pass if it's your turn. self.caller.msg("You can only do that on your turn.") return self.caller.location.msg_contents( "%s takes no further action, passing the turn." % self.caller ) # Spend all remaining actions. self.rules.spend_action(self.caller, "all", action_name="pass")
[docs]class CmdDisengage(Command): """ Passes your turn and attempts to end combat. Usage: disengage Ends your turn early and signals that you're trying to end the fight. If all participants in a fight disengage, the fight ends. """ key = "disengage" aliases = ["spare"] help_category = "combat" rules = COMBAT_RULES
[docs] def func(self): """ This performs the actual command. """ if not self.rules.is_in_combat(self.caller): # If you're not in combat self.caller.msg("You can only do that in combat. (see: help fight)") return if not self.rules.is_turn(self.caller): # If it's not your turn self.caller.msg("You can only do that on your turn.") return self.caller.location.msg_contents("%s disengages, ready to stop fighting." % self.caller) # Spend all remaining actions. self.rules.spend_action(self.caller, "all", action_name="disengage") """ The action_name kwarg sets the character's last action to "disengage", which is checked by the turn handler script to see if all fighters have disengaged. """
[docs]class CmdRest(Command): """ Recovers damage. Usage: rest Resting recovers your HP to its maximum, but you can only rest if you're not in a fight. """ key = "rest" help_category = "combat" rules = COMBAT_RULES
[docs] def func(self): "This performs the actual command." if self.rules.is_in_combat(self.caller): # If you're in combat self.caller.msg("You can't rest while you're in combat.") return self.caller.db.hp = self.caller.db.max_hp # Set current HP to maximum self.caller.location.msg_contents("%s rests to recover HP." % self.caller) """ You'll probably want to replace this with your own system for recovering HP. """
[docs]class CmdCombatHelp(CmdHelp): """ View help or a list of topics Usage: help <topic or command> help list help all This will search for help on commands and other topics related to the game. """ rules = COMBAT_RULES combat_help_text = ( "Available combat commands:|/" "|wAttack:|n Attack a target, attempting to deal damage.|/" "|wPass:|n Pass your turn without further action.|/" "|wDisengage:|n End your turn and attempt to end combat.|/" ) # Just like the default help command, but will give quick # tips on combat when used in a fight with no arguments.
[docs] def func(self): # In combat and entered 'help' alone if self.rules.is_in_combat(self.caller) and not self.args: self.caller.msg(self.combat_help_text) else: super().func() # Call the default help command
[docs]class BattleCmdSet(default_cmds.CharacterCmdSet): """ This command set includes all the commmands used in the battle system. """ key = "DefaultCharacter"
[docs] def at_cmdset_creation(self): """ Populates the cmdset """ self.add(CmdFight()) self.add(CmdAttack()) self.add(CmdRest()) self.add(CmdPass()) self.add(CmdDisengage()) self.add(CmdCombatHelp())