Source code for evennia.objects.manager

"""
Custom manager for Objects.
"""
import re

from django.conf import settings
from django.db.models import Q
from django.db.models.fields import exceptions

from evennia.server import signals
from evennia.typeclasses.managers import TypeclassManager, TypedObjectManager
from evennia.utils.utils import (
    class_from_module,
    dbid_to_obj,
    is_iter,
    make_iter,
    string_partial_matching,
)

__all__ = ("ObjectManager", "ObjectDBManager")
_GA = object.__getattribute__

# delayed import
_ATTR = None

_MULTIMATCH_REGEX = re.compile(settings.SEARCH_MULTIMATCH_REGEX, re.I + re.U)

# Try to use a custom way to parse id-tagged multimatches.


[docs]class ObjectDBManager(TypedObjectManager): """ This ObjectManager implements methods for searching and manipulating Objects directly from the database. Evennia-specific search methods (will return Typeclasses or lists of Typeclasses, whereas Django-general methods will return Querysets or database objects). dbref (converter) dbref_search get_dbref_range object_totals typeclass_search get_object_with_account get_objs_with_key_and_typeclass get_objs_with_attr get_objs_with_attr_match get_objs_with_db_property get_objs_with_db_property_match get_objs_with_key_or_alias get_contents search_object (interface to many of the above methods, equivalent to evennia.search_object) copy_object """ # # ObjectManager Get methods # # account related
[docs] def get_object_with_account(self, ostring, exact=True, candidates=None): """ Search for an object based on its account's name or dbref. Args: ostring (str or int): Search criterion or dbref. Searching for an account is sometimes initiated by appending an `*` to the beginning of the search criterion (e.g. in local_and_global_search). This is stripped here. exact (bool, optional): Require an exact account match. candidates (list, optional): Only search among this list of possible object candidates. Return: match (query): Matching query. """ ostring = str(ostring).lstrip("*") # simplest case - search by dbref dbref = self.dbref(ostring) if dbref: try: return self.get(db_account__id=dbref) except self.model.DoesNotExist: pass # not a dbref. Search by name. cand_restriction = ( candidates is not None and Q(pk__in=[_GA(obj, "id") for obj in make_iter(candidates) if obj]) or Q() ) if exact: return self.filter(cand_restriction & Q(db_account__username__iexact=ostring)).order_by( "id" ) else: # fuzzy matching obj_cands = self.select_related().filter( cand_restriction & Q(db_account__username__istartswith=ostring) ) acct_cands = [obj.account for obj in obj_cands] if obj_cands: index_matches = string_partial_matching( [acct.key for acct in acct_cands], ostring, ret_index=True ) acct_cands = [acct_cands[i].id for i in index_matches] return obj_cands.filter(db_account__id__in=acct_cands).order_by("id")
[docs] def get_objs_with_key_and_typeclass(self, oname, otypeclass_path, candidates=None): """ Returns objects based on simultaneous key and typeclass match. Args: oname (str): Object key to search for otypeclass_path (str): Full Python path to tyepclass to search for candidates (list, optional): Only match among the given list of candidates. Returns: matches (query): The matching objects. """ cand_restriction = ( candidates is not None and Q(pk__in=[_GA(obj, "id") for obj in make_iter(candidates) if obj]) or Q() ) return self.filter( cand_restriction & Q(db_key__iexact=oname, db_typeclass_path__exact=otypeclass_path) ).order_by("id")
# attr/property related
[docs] def get_objs_with_attr(self, attribute_name, candidates=None): """ Get objects based on having a certain Attribute defined. Args: attribute_name (str): Attribute name to search for. candidates (list, optional): Only match among the given list of object candidates. Returns: matches (query): All objects having the given attribute_name defined at all. """ cand_restriction = ( candidates is not None and Q(id__in=[obj.id for obj in candidates]) or Q() ) return self.filter(cand_restriction & Q(db_attributes__db_key=attribute_name)).order_by( "id" )
[docs] def get_objs_with_attr_value( self, attribute_name, attribute_value, candidates=None, typeclasses=None ): """ Get all objects having the given attrname set to the given value. Args: attribute_name (str): Attribute key to search for. attribute_value (any): Attribute value to search for. This can also be database objects. candidates (list, optional): Candidate objects to limit search to. typeclasses (list, optional): Python pats to restrict matches with. Returns: Queryset: Iterable with 0, 1 or more matches fullfilling both the `attribute_name` and `attribute_value` criterions. Notes: This uses the Attribute's PickledField to transparently search the database by matching the internal representation. This is reasonably effective but since Attribute values cannot be indexed, searching by Attribute key is to be preferred whenever possible. """ cand_restriction = ( candidates is not None and Q(pk__in=[_GA(obj, "id") for obj in make_iter(candidates) if obj]) or Q() ) type_restriction = typeclasses and Q(db_typeclass_path__in=make_iter(typeclasses)) or Q() results = self.filter( cand_restriction & type_restriction & Q(db_attributes__db_key=attribute_name) & Q(db_attributes__db_value=attribute_value) ).order_by("id") return results
[docs] def get_objs_with_db_property(self, property_name, candidates=None): """ Get all objects having a given db field property. Args: property_name (str): The name of the field to match for. candidates (list, optional): Only search among th egiven candidates. Returns: matches (list): The found matches. """ property_name = "db_%s" % property_name.lstrip("db_") cand_restriction = ( candidates is not None and Q(pk__in=[_GA(obj, "id") for obj in make_iter(candidates) if obj]) or Q() ) querykwargs = {property_name: None} try: return list(self.filter(cand_restriction).exclude(Q(**querykwargs)).order_by("id")) except exceptions.FieldError: return []
[docs] def get_objs_with_db_property_value( self, property_name, property_value, candidates=None, typeclasses=None ): """ Get objects with a specific field name and value. Args: property_name (str): Field name to search for. property_value (any): Value required for field with `property_name` to have. candidates (list, optional): List of objects to limit search to. typeclasses (list, optional): List of typeclass-path strings to restrict matches with Returns: Queryset: Iterable with 0, 1 or more matches. """ if isinstance(property_name, str): if not property_name.startswith("db_"): property_name = "db_%s" % property_name querykwargs = {property_name: property_value} cand_restriction = ( candidates is not None and Q(pk__in=[_GA(obj, "id") for obj in make_iter(candidates) if obj]) or Q() ) type_restriction = typeclasses and Q(db_typeclass_path__in=make_iter(typeclasses)) or Q() try: return self.filter(cand_restriction & type_restriction & Q(**querykwargs)).order_by( "id" ) except exceptions.FieldError: return self.none() except ValueError: from evennia.utils import logger logger.log_err( "The property '%s' does not support search criteria of the type %s." % (property_name, type(property_value)) ) return self.none()
[docs] def get_contents(self, location, excludeobj=None): """ Get all objects that has a location set to this one. Args: location (Object): Where to get contents from. excludeobj (Object or list, optional): One or more objects to exclude from the match. Returns: Queryset: Iterable with 0, 1 or more matches. """ exclude_restriction = ( Q(pk__in=[_GA(obj, "id") for obj in make_iter(excludeobj)]) if excludeobj else Q() ) return self.filter(db_location=location).exclude(exclude_restriction).order_by("id")
[docs] def get_objs_with_key_or_alias(self, ostring, exact=True, candidates=None, typeclasses=None): """ Args: ostring (str): A search criterion. exact (bool, optional): Require exact match of ostring (still case-insensitive). If `False`, will do fuzzy matching using `evennia.utils.utils.string_partial_matching` algorithm. candidates (list): Only match among these candidates. typeclasses (list): Only match objects with typeclasses having thess path strings. Returns: Queryset: An iterable with 0, 1 or more matches. """ if not isinstance(ostring, str): if hasattr(ostring, "key"): ostring = ostring.key else: return self.none() if is_iter(candidates) and not len(candidates): # if candidates is an empty iterable there can be no matches # Exit early. return self.none() # build query objects candidates_id = [_GA(obj, "id") for obj in make_iter(candidates) if obj] cand_restriction = candidates is not None and Q(pk__in=candidates_id) or Q() type_restriction = typeclasses and Q(db_typeclass_path__in=make_iter(typeclasses)) or Q() if exact: # exact match - do direct search return ( ( self.filter( cand_restriction & type_restriction & ( Q(db_key__iexact=ostring) | Q(db_tags__db_key__iexact=ostring) & Q(db_tags__db_tagtype__iexact="alias") ) ) ) .distinct() .order_by("id") ) elif candidates: # fuzzy with candidates search_candidates = ( self.filter(cand_restriction & type_restriction).distinct().order_by("id") ) else: # fuzzy without supplied candidates - we select our own candidates search_candidates = ( self.filter( type_restriction & (Q(db_key__icontains=ostring) | Q(db_tags__db_key__icontains=ostring)) ) .distinct() .order_by("id") ) # fuzzy matching key_strings = search_candidates.values_list("db_key", flat=True).order_by("id") match_ids = [] index_matches = string_partial_matching(key_strings, ostring, ret_index=True) if index_matches: # a match by key match_ids = [ obj.id for ind, obj in enumerate(search_candidates) if ind in index_matches ] else: # match by alias rather than by key search_candidates = search_candidates.filter( db_tags__db_tagtype__iexact="alias", db_tags__db_key__icontains=ostring ).distinct() alias_strings = [] alias_candidates = [] # TODO create the alias_strings and alias_candidates lists more efficiently? for candidate in search_candidates: for alias in candidate.aliases.all(): alias_strings.append(alias) alias_candidates.append(candidate) index_matches = string_partial_matching(alias_strings, ostring, ret_index=True) if index_matches: # it's possible to have multiple matches to the same Object, we must weed those out match_ids = [alias_candidates[ind].id for ind in index_matches] # TODO - not ideal to have to do a second lookup here, but we want to return a queryset # rather than a list ... maybe the above queries can be improved. return self.filter(id__in=match_ids)
# main search methods and helper functions
[docs] def search_object( self, searchdata, attribute_name=None, typeclass=None, candidates=None, exact=True, use_dbref=True, tags=None, ): """ Search as an object globally or in a list of candidates and return results. The result is always an Object. Always returns a list. Args: searchdata (str or Object): The entity to match for. This is usually a key string but may also be an object itself. By default (if no `attribute_name` is set), this will search `object.key` and `object.aliases` in order. Can also be on the form #dbref, which will (if `exact=True`) be matched against primary key. attribute_name (str): Use this named Attribute to match searchdata against, instead of the defaults. If this is the name of a database field (with or without the `db_` prefix), that will be matched too. typeclass (str or TypeClass): restrict matches to objects having this typeclass. This will help speed up global searches. candidates (list): If supplied, search will only be performed among the candidates in this list. A common list of candidates is the contents of the current location searched. exact (bool): Match names/aliases exactly or partially. Partial matching matches the beginning of words in the names/aliases, using a matching routine to separate multiple matches in names with multiple components (so "bi sw" will match "Big sword"). Since this is more expensive than exact matching, it is recommended to be used together with the `candidates` keyword to limit the number of possibilities. This value has no meaning if searching for attributes/properties. use_dbref (bool): If False, bypass direct lookup of a string on the form #dbref and treat it like any string. tags (list): A list of tuples `(tagkey, tagcategory)` where the matched object must have _all_ tags in order to be considered a match. Returns: matches (list): Matching objects """ def _searcher(searchdata, candidates, typeclass, exact=False): """ Helper method for searching objects. `typeclass` is only used for global searching (no candidates) """ if attribute_name: # attribute/property search (always exact). matches = self.get_objs_with_db_property_value( attribute_name, searchdata, candidates=candidates, typeclasses=typeclass ) if matches: return matches return self.get_objs_with_attr_value( attribute_name, searchdata, candidates=candidates, typeclasses=typeclass ) else: # normal key/alias search return self.get_objs_with_key_or_alias( searchdata, exact=exact, candidates=candidates, typeclasses=typeclass ) def _search_by_tag(query, taglist): if not query: query = self.all() for tagkey, tagcategory in taglist: query = query.filter(db_tags__db_key=tagkey, db_tags__db_category=tagcategory) return query if not searchdata and searchdata != 0: if tags: return _search_by_tag(make_iter(tags)) return self.none() if typeclass: # typeclass may also be a list typeclasses = make_iter(typeclass) for i, typeclass in enumerate(make_iter(typeclasses)): if callable(typeclass): typeclasses[i] = "%s.%s" % (typeclass.__module__, typeclass.__name__) else: typeclasses[i] = "%s" % typeclass typeclass = typeclasses if candidates is not None: if not candidates: # candidates is the empty list. This should mean no matches can ever be acquired. return [] # Convenience check to make sure candidates are really dbobjs candidates = [cand for cand in make_iter(candidates) if cand] if typeclass: candidates = [ cand for cand in candidates if _GA(cand, "db_typeclass_path") in typeclass ] dbref = not attribute_name and exact and use_dbref and self.dbref(searchdata) if dbref: # Easiest case - dbref matching (always exact) dbref_match = self.dbref_search(dbref) if dbref_match: dmatch = dbref_match[0] if not candidates or dmatch in candidates: return dbref_match else: return self.none() # Search through all possibilities. match_number = None # always run first check exact - we don't want partial matches # if on the form of 1-keyword etc. matches = _searcher(searchdata, candidates, typeclass, exact=True) if not matches: # no matches found - check if we are dealing with N-keyword # query - if so, strip it. match = _MULTIMATCH_REGEX.match(str(searchdata)) match_number = None stripped_searchdata = searchdata if match: # strips the number match_number, stripped_searchdata = match.group("number"), match.group("name") match_number = int(match_number) - 1 if match_number is not None: # run search against the stripped data matches = _searcher(stripped_searchdata, candidates, typeclass, exact=True) if not matches: # final chance to get a looser match against the number-strippped query matches = _searcher(stripped_searchdata, candidates, typeclass, exact=False) elif not exact: matches = _searcher(searchdata, candidates, typeclass, exact=False) if tags: matches = _search_by_tag(matches, make_iter(tags)) # deal with result if len(matches) == 1 and match_number is not None and match_number != 0: # this indicates trying to get a single match with a match-number # targeting some higher-number match (like 2-box when there is only # one box in the room). This leads to a no-match. matches = self.none() elif len(matches) > 1 and match_number is not None: # multiple matches, but a number was given to separate them if 0 <= match_number < len(matches): # limit to one match (we still want a queryset back) # TODO: Can we do this some other way and avoid a second lookup? matches = self.filter(id=matches[match_number].id) else: # a number was given outside of range. This means a no-match. matches = self.none() # return a list (possibly empty) return matches
# alias for backwards compatibility object_search = search_object search = search_object # # ObjectManager Copy method
[docs] def copy_object( self, original_object, new_key=None, new_location=None, new_home=None, new_permissions=None, new_locks=None, new_aliases=None, new_destination=None, ): """ Create and return a new object as a copy of the original object. All will be identical to the original except for the arguments given specifically to this method. Object contents will not be copied. Args: original_object (Object): The object to make a copy from. new_key (str, optional): Name of the copy, if different from the original. new_location (Object, optional): Alternate location. new_home (Object, optional): Change the home location new_aliases (list, optional): Give alternate object aliases as a list of strings. new_destination (Object, optional): Used only by exits. Returns: copy (Object or None): The copy of `original_object`, optionally modified as per the ingoing keyword arguments. `None` if an error was encountered. """ # get all the object's stats typeclass_path = original_object.typeclass_path if not new_key: new_key = original_object.key if not new_location: new_location = original_object.location if not new_home: new_home = original_object.home if not new_aliases: new_aliases = original_object.aliases.all() if not new_locks: new_locks = original_object.db_lock_storage if not new_permissions: new_permissions = original_object.permissions.all() if not new_destination: new_destination = original_object.destination # create new object from evennia.scripts.models import ScriptDB from evennia.utils import create new_object = create.create_object( typeclass_path, key=new_key, location=new_location, home=new_home, permissions=new_permissions, locks=new_locks, aliases=new_aliases, destination=new_destination, ) if not new_object: return None # copy over all attributes from old to new. attrs = ( (a.key, a.value, a.category, a.lock_storage) for a in original_object.attributes.all() ) new_object.attributes.batch_add(*attrs) # copy over all cmdsets, if any for icmdset, cmdset in enumerate(original_object.cmdset.all()): if icmdset == 0: new_object.cmdset.add_default(cmdset) else: new_object.cmdset.add(cmdset) # copy over all scripts, if any for script in original_object.scripts.all(): ScriptDB.objects.copy_script(script, new_obj=new_object) # copy over all tags, if any tags = ( (t.db_key, t.db_category, t.db_data) for t in original_object.tags.all(return_objs=True) ) new_object.tags.batch_add(*tags) return new_object
[docs] def clear_all_sessids(self): """ Clear the db_sessid field of all objects having also the db_account field set. """ self.filter(db_sessid__isnull=False).update(db_sessid=None)
[docs] def create_object( self, typeclass=None, key=None, location=None, home=None, permissions=None, locks=None, aliases=None, tags=None, destination=None, report_to=None, nohome=False, attributes=None, nattributes=None, ): """ Create a new in-game object. Keyword Args: typeclass (class or str): Class or python path to a typeclass. key (str): Name of the new object. If not set, a name of `#dbref` will be set. location (Object or str): Obj or #dbref to use as the location of the new object. home (Object or str): Obj or #dbref to use as the object's home location. permissions (list): A list of permission strings or tuples (permstring, category). locks (str): one or more lockstrings, separated by semicolons. aliases (list): A list of alternative keys or tuples (aliasstring, category). tags (list): List of tag keys or tuples (tagkey, category) or (tagkey, category, data). destination (Object or str): Obj or #dbref to use as an Exit's target. report_to (Object): The object to return error messages to. nohome (bool): This allows the creation of objects without a default home location; only used when creating the default location itself or during unittests. attributes (list): Tuples on the form (key, value) or (key, value, category), (key, value, lockstring) or (key, value, lockstring, default_access). to set as Attributes on the new object. nattributes (list): Non-persistent tuples on the form (key, value). Note that adding this rarely makes sense since this data will not survive a reload. Returns: object (Object): A newly created object of the given typeclass. Raises: ObjectDB.DoesNotExist: If trying to create an Object with `location` or `home` that can't be found. """ typeclass = typeclass if typeclass else settings.BASE_OBJECT_TYPECLASS # convenience converters to avoid common usage mistake permissions = make_iter(permissions) if permissions is not None else None locks = make_iter(locks) if locks is not None else None aliases = make_iter(aliases) if aliases is not None else None tags = make_iter(tags) if tags is not None else None attributes = make_iter(attributes) if attributes is not None else None if isinstance(typeclass, str): # a path is given. Load the actual typeclass typeclass = class_from_module(typeclass, settings.TYPECLASS_PATHS) # Setup input for the create command. We use ObjectDB as baseclass here # to give us maximum freedom (the typeclasses will load # correctly when each object is recovered). location = dbid_to_obj(location, self.model) destination = dbid_to_obj(destination, self.model) if home: home_obj_or_dbref = home elif nohome: home_obj_or_dbref = None else: home_obj_or_dbref = settings.DEFAULT_HOME try: home = dbid_to_obj(home_obj_or_dbref, self.model) except self.model.DoesNotExist: if settings.TEST_ENVIRONMENT: # this happens for databases where the #1 location is flushed during tests home = None else: raise self.model.DoesNotExist( f"settings.DEFAULT_HOME (= '{settings.DEFAULT_HOME}') does not exist, " "or the setting is malformed." ) # create new instance new_object = typeclass( db_key=key, db_location=location, db_destination=destination, db_home=home, db_typeclass_path=typeclass.path, ) # store the call signature for the signal new_object._createdict = dict( key=key, location=location, destination=destination, home=home, typeclass=typeclass.path, permissions=permissions, locks=locks, aliases=aliases, tags=tags, report_to=report_to, nohome=nohome, attributes=attributes, nattributes=nattributes, ) # this will trigger the save signal which in turn calls the # at_first_save hook on the typeclass, where the _createdict can be # used. new_object.save() signals.SIGNAL_OBJECT_POST_CREATE.send(sender=new_object) return new_object
[docs]class ObjectManager(ObjectDBManager, TypeclassManager): pass