Source code for evennia.scripts.monitorhandler

Monitors - catch changes to model fields and Attributes.

The MONITOR_HANDLER singleton from this module offers the following

- Field-monitor - track a object's specific database field and perform
    an action whenever that field *changes* for whatever reason.
- Attribute-monitor tracks an object's specific Attribute and perform
    an action whenever that Attribute *changes* for whatever reason.


import inspect
from collections import defaultdict

from evennia.server.models import ServerConfig
from evennia.utils import logger, variable_from_module
from evennia.utils.dbserialize import dbserialize, dbunserialize

_SA = object.__setattr__
_GA = object.__getattribute__
_DA = object.__delattr__

[docs]class MonitorHandler(object): """ This is a resource singleton that allows for registering callbacks for when a field or Attribute is updated (saved). """
[docs] def __init__(self): """ Initialize the handler. """ self.savekey = "_monitorhandler_save" self.monitors = defaultdict(lambda: defaultdict(dict))
[docs] def save(self): """ Store our monitors to the database. This is called by the server process. Since dbserialize can't handle defaultdicts, we convert to an intermediary save format ((obj,fieldname, idstring, callback, kwargs), ...) """ savedata = [] if self.monitors: for obj in self.monitors: for fieldname in self.monitors[obj]: for idstring, (callback, persistent, kwargs) in self.monitors[obj][ fieldname ].items(): path = "%s.%s" % (callback.__module__, callback.__name__) savedata.append((obj, fieldname, idstring, path, persistent, kwargs)) savedata = dbserialize(savedata) ServerConfig.objects.conf(key=self.savekey, value=savedata)
[docs] def restore(self, server_reload=True): """ Restore our monitors after a reload. This is called by the server process. Args: server_reload (bool, optional): If this is False, it means the server went through a cold reboot and all non-persistent tickers must be killed. """ self.monitors = defaultdict(lambda: defaultdict(dict)) restored_monitors = ServerConfig.objects.conf(key=self.savekey) if restored_monitors: restored_monitors = dbunserialize(restored_monitors) for obj, fieldname, idstring, path, persistent, kwargs in restored_monitors: try: if not server_reload and not persistent: # this monitor will not be restarted continue if "session" in kwargs and not kwargs["session"]: # the session was removed because it no longer # exists. Don't restart the monitor. continue modname, varname = path.rsplit(".", 1) callback = variable_from_module(modname, varname) if obj and hasattr(obj, fieldname): self.monitors[obj][fieldname][idstring] = (callback, persistent, kwargs) except Exception: continue # make sure to clean data from database ServerConfig.objects.conf(key=self.savekey, delete=True)
def _attr_category_fieldname(self, fieldname, category): """ Modify the saved fieldname to make sure to differentiate between Attributes with different categories. """ return f"{fieldname}[{category}]" if category else fieldname
[docs] def at_update(self, obj, fieldname): """ Called by the field/attribute as it saves. """ # if this an Attribute with a category we should differentiate fieldname = self._attr_category_fieldname( fieldname, obj.db_category if fieldname == "db_value" and hasattr(obj, "db_category") else None, ) to_delete = [] if obj in self.monitors and fieldname in self.monitors[obj]: for idstring, (callback, persistent, kwargs) in self.monitors[obj][fieldname].items(): try: callback(obj=obj, fieldname=fieldname, **kwargs) except Exception: to_delete.append((obj, fieldname, idstring)) logger.log_trace("Monitor callback was removed.") # we cleanup non-found monitors (has to be done after loop) for obj, fieldname, idstring in to_delete: del self.monitors[obj][fieldname][idstring]
[docs] def add(self, obj, fieldname, callback, idstring="", persistent=False, category=None, **kwargs): """ Add monitoring to a given field or Attribute. A field must be specified with the full db_* name or it will be assumed to be an Attribute (so `db_key`, not just `key`). Args: obj (Typeclassed Entity): The entity on which to monitor a field or Attribute. fieldname (str): Name of field (db_*) or Attribute to monitor. callback (callable): A callable on the form `callable(**kwargs), where kwargs holds keys fieldname and obj. idstring (str, optional): An id to separate this monitor from other monitors of the same field and object. persistent (bool, optional): If False, the monitor will survive a server reload but not a cold restart. This is default. category (str, optional): This is only used if `fieldname` refers to an Attribute (i.e. it does not start with `db_`). You must specify this if you want to target an Attribute with a category. Keyword Args: session (Session): If this keyword is given, the monitorhandler will correctly analyze it and remove the monitor if after a reload/reboot the session is no longer valid. any (any): Any other kwargs are passed on to the callback. Remember that all kwargs must be possible to pickle! """ if not fieldname.startswith("db_") or not hasattr(obj, fieldname): # an Attribute - we track its db_value field obj = obj.attributes.get(fieldname, category=category, return_obj=True) if not obj: return fieldname = self._attr_category_fieldname("db_value", category) # we try to serialize this data to test it's valid. Otherwise we won't accept it. try: if not inspect.isfunction(callback): raise TypeError("callback is not a function.") dbserialize((obj, fieldname, callback, idstring, persistent, kwargs)) except Exception: err = "Invalid monitor definition: \n" " (%s, %s, %s, %s, %s, %s)" % ( obj, fieldname, callback, idstring, persistent, kwargs, ) logger.log_trace(err) else: self.monitors[obj][fieldname][idstring] = (callback, persistent, kwargs)
[docs] def remove(self, obj, fieldname, idstring="", category=None): """ Remove a monitor. """ if not fieldname.startswith("db_") or not hasattr(obj, fieldname): obj = obj.attributes.get(fieldname, return_obj=True) if not obj: return fieldname = self._attr_category_fieldname("db_value", category) idstring_dict = self.monitors[obj][fieldname] if idstring in idstring_dict: del self.monitors[obj][fieldname][idstring]
[docs] def clear(self): """ Delete all monitors. """ self.monitors = defaultdict(lambda: defaultdict(dict))
[docs] def all(self, obj=None): """ List all monitors or all monitors of a given object. Args: obj (Object): The object on which to list all monitors. Returns: monitors (list): The handled monitors. """ output = [] objs = [obj] if obj else self.monitors for obj in objs: for fieldname in self.monitors[obj]: for idstring, (callback, persistent, kwargs) in self.monitors[obj][ fieldname ].items(): output.append((obj, fieldname, idstring, persistent, kwargs)) return output
# access object MONITOR_HANDLER = MonitorHandler()