The Msg object represents a database-saved piece of communication. Think of it as a discrete piece of email - it contains a message, some metadata and will always have a sender and one or more recipients.

Once created, a Msg is normally not changed. It is persitently saved in the database. This allows for comprehensive logging of communications. Here are some good uses for Msg objects:

  • page/tells (the page command is how Evennia uses them out of the box)

  • messages in a bulletin board

  • game-wide email stored in ‘mailboxes’.


A Msg does not have any in-game representation. So if you want to use them to represent in-game mail/letters, the physical letters would never be visible in a room (possible to steal, spy on etc) unless you make your spy-system access the Msgs directly (or go to the trouble of spawning an actual in-game letter-object based on the Msg)

Changed in version 1.0: Channels dropped Msg-support. Now only used in page command by default.

Working with Msg

The Msg is intended to be used exclusively in code, to build other game systems. It is not a Typeclassed entity, which means it cannot (easily) be overridden. It doesn’t support Attributes (but it does support Tags). It tries to be lean and small since a new one is created for every message. You create a new message with evennia.create_message:

    from evennia import create_message
    message = create_message(senders, message, receivers,
                             locks=..., tags=..., header=...)

You can search for Msg objects in various ways:

  from evennia import search_message, Msg

  # args are optional. Only a single sender/receiver should be passed
  messages = search_message(sender=..., receiver=..., freetext=..., dbref=...)

  # get all messages for a given sender/receiver
  messages = Msg.objects.get_msg_by_sender(sender)
  messages = Msg.objects.get_msg_by_receiver(recipient)

Properties on Msg

  • senders - there must always be at least one sender. This is a set of

  • Account, Object, Script or str in any combination (but usually a message only targets one type). Using a str for a sender indicates it’s an ‘external’ sender and and can be used to point to a sender that is not a typeclassed entity. This is not used by default and what this would be depends on the system (it could be a unique id or a python-path, for example). While most systems expect a single sender, it’s possible to have any number of them.

  • receivers - these are the ones to see the Msg. These are again any combination of Account, Object or Script or str (an ‘external’ receiver). It’s in principle possible to have zero receivers but most usages of Msg expects one or more.

  • header - this is an optional text field that can contain meta-information about the message. For an email-like system it would be the subject line. This can be independently searched, making this a powerful place for quickly finding messages.

  • message - the actual text being sent.

  • date_sent - this is auto-set to the time the Msg was created (and thus presumably sent).

  • locks - the Evennia lock handler. Use with locks.add() etc and check locks with msg.access() like for all other lockable entities. This can be used to limit access to the contents of the Msg. The default lock-type to check is 'read'.

  • hide_from - this is an optional list of Accounts or Objects that will not see this Msg. This relationship is available mainly for optimization reasons since it allows quick filtering of messages not intended for a given target.


evennia.comms.models.TempMsg is an object that implements the same API as the regular Msg, but which has no database component (and thus cannot be searched). It’s meant to plugged into systems expecting a Msg but where you just want to process the message without saving it.